Complete Guide of 3D CNC Router Machine

The 3D CNC router machine is also called a cylinder engraving machine. It is a machine specially made for a three-dimensional engraving machine. There is also a machine that puts a rotating shaft on a plane and a three-dimensional dual-purpose machine. The processing plant can be removed when the rotating shaft is not in use. s things. So when do we need to buy such a machine? What are the types of 3D engraving machines? Below forsun will take you to learn more about 3D engraving machines.

What Is The Best 3D CNC Router for My Business? 

What is the 3D CNC router machine?

A 3D CNC router machine is an industry classification of CNC router machines. It is a new type of CNC equipment in recent years, and its working principle is very similar to that of CNC milling machines. It uses engraving programming software to convert the content that needs to be engraved into standard G codes that can be recognized by the engraving machine control software and makes the three axes of the control machine move automatically in a continuous jog mode, so as to achieve the effect of automatic engraving.

Application of 3D CNC router:

3D CNC machine tools can be used for three-dimensional 3D processing technology, furniture three-dimensional footposts, human bodies, Buddha statues, Guanyin, sculptures, handicrafts, staircase handrails, musical instruments, etc. The 3D CNC machine tool can perform 3D engraving and cutting of wood, stone, foam, and soft metals to realize three-dimensional 3D processing. The huge 3D processing range enables 3D CNC machine tools to meet the requirements of handicrafts, gifts, and furniture manufacturing.

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Types of 3D CNC router machines

Common 3D CNC routers are divided into three categories, namely rotary axis CNC router machines, 4-axis CNC router machines, and 5-axis CNC router machines.

What is a rotary axis CNC router machine?

The 4th axis CNC router refers to the “4th axis turntable”. Here, the 4th axis is a separate table, which can be installed on an existing CNC rotary machine tool. The 4th rotary axis table is designed to add a higher degree of machining accuracy and flexibility to your existing CNC router.

The fourth rotating axis uses a T-slot fixture to hold the material in place, and rotates it to the subsequent processing station at fixed intervals or rotates in a 360-degree arc. With the help of the 4th spindle table, you don’t have to move the material to a new location or direction every time you want to process the material. This not only prevents time loss, but also reduces the risk of machine idle time, tool/setting changes, work accidents and quality errors during operation.

Due to this rotational movement, the 4th-axis CNC router can handle not only flat materials but also cylindrical and curved materials. This is the perfect solution when you want to process round/arc objects (such as door handles, stair columns, gear tooth cutting, etc.). In particular, the 4th axis CNC makes it easier to machine complex parts.

The router on the 4th rotation axis keeps the material rotating uninterrupted, ensuring that you can finish processing quickly. The 4th-axis turntable CNC can be installed vertically and horizontally, providing you with greater freedom during the machining process.

What products can be made with this router?

It can be used for cylindrical carving, material circular forming, and arched object cutting. Such as stairs, pillars, colonnades, ball caps, armrests, gears, door frames, windows, chairs, beds, etc.

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What is a 4 axis CNC router machine?

What is 4-axis machining?
A 4-axis router involves the same process as a 3-axis machining, where a cutting tool is used to remove material from the workpiece to create the desired shape and contour. However, in the case of 4-axis machining, the router is performed on the additional axis. A 4-axis CNC machine tool runs on the X, Y, and Z axes like a 3-axis machine tool, but it also includes rotation around the X-axis, called the A axis. This is the 4th axis added to our machining process. In most cases, the workpiece will be rotated to allow cutting around the B axis.

A 4-axis router is very useful when it is necessary to machine holes and cuts on the side of a workpiece or around a cylinder. They can provide fast and effective work based on computer digital input to obtain precise results.

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What is a 5 axis CNC router machine?

5-axis machining involves all the axes of 4-axis machining, in addition to a rotation axis. The five-axis router machine is the best CNC router machine available today, capable of manufacturing sophisticated and complex parts for artificial bones, aerospace products, titanium parts, oil and gas machinery parts, automotive molds, medical, construction, and military products. The 5th axis in a 5-axis router machine rotates around the B axis and rotates around the Y-axis in the XYZ plane. This multi-dimensional rotation and tool movement allows the B-axis to achieve unparalleled accuracy, finish and speed in the production of workpieces. 5-axis machining can manufacture very complex parts, which is why it is so important for high-level applications such as aerospace applications.

The 5 axis CNC router machine can process wood, polyester, wood substitutes, polyurethane foam (EPS), resin, gypsum, sludge, and non-metallic carbonized mixed materials. It is widely used in the production of various high-precision three-dimensional products such as large-scale automobile molds, Julong molds, cartoon character statues, and garden three-dimensional sculptures. It is suitable for the processing of interior decoration parts, car models, ceramic sanitary ware, ships, yachts, aerospace chemicals, wind power, rail transit, and solid wood furniture.

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Advantages of 3D CNC router

A 3D CNC engraving machine is a device that integrates computer technology with mechanical processing technology. Through a variety of process technologies, it is based on a variety of materials such as wood, metal, PVC, glass, plastic, silica gel, and organic glass. Works with three-dimensional effects. 3D CNC router machine has a very wide range of applications, and even replaces the manual engraving technology, laying the foundation for the rapid mass production of products.

  • Increase productivity

The high degree of automation of the 3D CNC engraving machine minimizes human interference in the processing process. Even for complex 3D CNC projects that could only be completed manually before, the 3D CNC engraving machine can be completed at high speed and accuracy.

  • Low technical requirements for operators

We all know that engraving itself is also a technique. Manual engraving requires the engraver to be proficient in engraving technology, but the 3D engraving machine simplifies the technical requirements for workers by setting the program. As long as they know a little mechanical operation technology.

  • High precision and repeatability

No matter how skilled the engraving technicians are, errors may also occur, but the engraving machine can minimize errors and make the engraved products more accurate. The 3D woodworking engraving machine can tirelessly produce high-precision parts. The error between parts is extremely small and the repeatability is high. Therefore, 3D CNC woodworking engraving machines are widely used in mass production.

  • Flexible handling

As long as you have a good 3D CNC machining concept and can turn them into drawings, the 3D CNC engraving machine can produce the 3D parts you want according to your drawings.

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How much does the 3D CNC router machine cost?

  • 3D CNC router average cost

Most CNC machine tools cost tens of thousands of dollars. But before you faint from sticker shock, consider the long-term savings the machines provide.

The cost of 3d CNC router machines from US$10,000 to US$90,000.

  • Additional CNC router costs and expenses:

In addition to the machine itself, you also need to purchase a computer-aided design (CAD) software package to create a design. Those usually range from US$2,500 to US$10,000.

Training costs usually range from US$500 to US$1,000 per day. Depending on the knowledge level of your employees, this process may take several hours or days. Installation costs are also often between 500 and 1,000 US dollars per day.

Shipping costs start from a few hundred U.S. dollars and can reach up to several thousand U.S. dollars.

Some dealers offer packages that bundle machines, training, transportation, and installation costs. Therefore, before deciding to buy, be sure to ask if such a package is available.

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3D CNC router machine buying guide

  • Consultation:

Before purchasing the machine, please ask us to provide the material you want to engrave, the maximum size of the material (length x width x thickness), and so on. After understanding your requirements, we will recommend the most suitable 3D CNC engraving machine to you

  • Quotation:

We will provide you with a detailed quotation based on the 3D CNC engraving machine consulted. You will get the most suitable specifications, best accessories, and affordable prices.

  • Process evaluation:

Both parties carefully evaluate and discuss all the details of the order (technical parameters, specifications, and business terms) to eliminate any misunderstandings.

  • Place an order:

If you have no questions, we will send you a PI (Proforma Invoice), and then we will sign a contract with you. The contract should indicate the purchased model, configuration, price, delivery time, and delivery method, training method, warranty terms, and payment method. After the contract is signed, a certain deposit shall generally be paid according to the contract (except for those in stock).

  • Production:

We will arrange the production of 3D CNC machine tools immediately after receiving your signed sales contract and deposit. The latest news about production will be updated during the production process and notified to 3D CNC machine buyers.

  • Quality control:

The entire production process will be subject to regular inspections and strict quality control. The complete 3D CNC machines will be tested before leaving the factory to ensure they can work properly.

  • Delivery:

After confirmation by the buyer of the 3D CNC cutting machine, we will arrange the delivery in accordance with the terms of the contract.

  • Customs clearance:

We will provide and deliver all necessary shipping documents to 3D CNC machine tool buyers and ensure smooth customs clearance.

  • Support and service:

We will provide professional technical support through telephone, email, Skype, WhatsApp, online real-time chat, and remote service.

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